The 2015 Police Organisation Decree provides that the Police, on the instructions of the Board of Procurators General, draw up a national threat assessment once every four years, such for the purpose of contributing to combating organized crime. This concerns a future-oriented analysis of organized crime, making explicit the threats to Dutch society. Once every four years, the Minister of Security and Justice on the basis of a policy programme determines the main features of the policy on combating organised crime. The National Threat Assessment (NTA) provides a contribution to this policy programme.
Some fifty researchers and analysts worked on the NTA, engaging all Police units, the Fiscal intelligence and Investigation Service, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, the Police Acadamy and the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee. The design and coordination of the entire creation process was the work of a Central Unit team of researchers, which was also responsible for drawing up the final report.